This paper addresses the effects of counterinsurgency warfare’s inherently ideological nature on military professionalism by analyzing the development of the French Army’s theory of Guerre Révolutionnaire during the Algerian war and then the doctrine’s influence on the Brazilian military, which became concerned with counterinsurgency in the 1950s and ’60s. In both cases, a military doctrine propagated by the institutions of professional education politicized the officer corps and contributed to military intervention in the political system. In Brazil, counterinsurgency burgeoned into a comprehensive Doctrine of National Security that guided the military in its decision to seize power in 1964 and the authoritarian model of development pursued as an ideological prophylactic during the military government.
- Military doctrine
- Military education
- Military politics
- Military professionalism
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