Răzvan-Paul TUDOSE


China and Russia are two major powers standing before the construction of a new type of bilateral relation, one based on mutual trust that today is more solid than ever. In April 2018, the Chinese Foreign Affairs Minister, Wang Yi, whilst in a work trip to Moscow, stated that the relations between the two are at: “the best level in history” (Westcott, 2018). This statement stirred a lot of controversies and even panic among many international actors, that felt threatened by the closeness of the two countries (Hille, Manson, Foy & Shepherd, 2020; Ganguly, 2020). All political and academic circles seem to agree on one aspect: the punitive measures and the attitude of the West throw Russia in China’s arms and make it pivot more and more towards the East (Lukin, 2018, p.176, 190- 191; Ying, 2016). At this time, these events have become the main drive for the development of the relations between them. In the author’s opinion, the West must start making concessions if it wants to stop this turn, seen by many as irreversible. However, this would also correspond to the wishes of the two countries. Starting from these insights, this case-study will attempt to provide a better understanding of the relations between Russia and China, offering an in-depth analysis of the relations from a military, economic and cybernetic standpoint, as well as an analysis of their interaction in different international organizations.


■ European Union ■ Democratic deficit ■ European Parliament ■ National parliaments

■ Sino-Russian relations ■ Bilateral relations ■ Military Sino-Russian relations ■Economic Sino-Russian relations ■ BRICS ■ SCO ■ UNSC

Read the full article:

Tudose_The Different Dimensions of Sino-Russian Relations.pdf